Annex A - Research Proposal

IRS  2012
Instruction to Participants:
  1. Discuss with your mentor the planning and implementation issues of your project before completing this form.
  2. Submit the completed form to your mentor, teacher-advisor, and School-coordinator by 21 Sept 2012.

Loo Zhong Han (19), Aloysius Seah Gui Cong (22), Jonah Patrick Tan Soong How (16)



Ms Shireen Kaderuppan




Comparison of air quality in different locations of the SST Campus.

(Tick appropriate category)

 >Environmental Science<
 Medicine & Health
 DNA Science
 Space Science

 Computer Science
 Engineering:  (Specify which area of engineering)      

(a) For scientific investigations

Hypothesis / Engineering Goals

     Air quality is better in certain locations in SST, compared to others within campus.

Independent variable

     Locations experiments are taking place in, the time experiments were done

Dependent variable

     The quality of air in a location, measured using simple air sampling methods such as collecting the air sample in a sample bag. [1]


The constants are the timings of when the experiments take place, how much air is collected from the individual tests.


  1. Why is your research important? This research’s purpose is to compare the quality of the air in different locations, and by cross-examining and comparing properties of the locations, find the cause of differences in air quality, and if possible, find a solution to improving air quality campus-wide. 
  2. How does it contribute to existing body of knowledge? It may contribute by providing precautions for future projects, so that air quality throughout the area, or even Singapore may slowly improve.
  3. How does your research contribute to/impact the society or community? It contributes by giving the community of SST a better, conducive environment to study in, as they breathe in fresher air to clear their minds.


The "scope" section is where you list what you are doing. The "bounds" section is where you set the boundaries and you list some thing explicitly that you are not doing because they are outside the bounds of the project.

Scopes: We can conduct air quality tests throughout locations in the campus, and make surveys. We can collate the data and form a conclusion from it, as well as a possible solutions for improvement. That solution can be suggested to people with the resources and power to implement this solution.

We do not have the power and resources to change certain things. For example, we do not have the power to change the properties of each location (for example, cars on the road), and implementing measures that can freshen the air (e.g. planting trees).


  1. What are the current research available/ you have come across? Sources of air pollution in Singapore, effects on air pollution on mental health/academic achievement
  2. Summarise the research articles that you have encountered which may be useful to your research. Refineries, power stations, industries, motor vehicles, waste materials, contribute to air pollution. [2] Air pollution contributes to mental disorders [3], and can cause damage to one’s academic achievement. [4]

  1. How are you going to gather data? Using air sampling techniques such as collecting air into a bag (teplar bag), we can go to locations such as the roadside, the kitchens, the individual classrooms. We’ll collect the same amount of air for each test, and take them at different times of the day to keep it fair.
  2. How are you going to collate data? By comparing the level of air pollution/amount of pollutants in the air, and comparing the locations in which the tests were taken, we can determine the sources of the pollutants. We do so by plotting out bar graphs, comparing locations side by side against the amount of pollution. From that point onwards, we can use I&E techniques taught to us to solve problems and coming up with creative solutions.
  3. How are you going to sift and sort data i.e. which data is important? We will use data relevant to our research, such as amount of pollutants in the area, and when it was taken.

Data Analysis
  1. How are you going to analyse the data? We will analyze the pollutants inside the air sample collected, then draw a pie chart, with the amount of pollutants in it.
  2. How are you going to present the data? Using pie charts, we can present the data to show the pollutants present, the amount of pollutants, the percentage of the pollutants taking up the air, as well as how they compare against each other.

1. Provide references to all the
[1] (Support Knowledge Choice, 2009)
[2] (National Environmental Agency, 2002)
[3] (S. Genc, Zadeoglulari, Fuss, K. Genc, 2011)
[4] (Zweig, Ham, Avol, 2009)


  1. ICT skills: Plotting of graphs, movie making for video presentations.
  2. Applied Learning skills: By applying our knowledge of Science, performing experiments, and applying our plan, and following our plans, we are applying Applied Learning skills.
  3. 21st century skills: We are using creative thinking and problem solving, by trying to find a cause and a solution to the problem we are facing. We have to communicate well with each other and collaborate with each other, as well as SST students and people with resources/power if we want to do things efficiently. Using technology, it is easier to input data and plot them out on a graph, using computer programs, and review it. We can get most of our information through the internet, rather than having to travel to libraries/get information from people.
  4. The Scientific Method: Ask a question, how is air quality different in some locations in SST than others? Do background research, air pollution is normally caused by factors such as surface area. Construct a hypothesis, that air quality in SST is different because of different factors. Test our hypothesis by doing an experiment, to take samples of the air quality around SST. Analyze our data and draw a conclusion, to compare and contrast different factors present in different locations, and how they affect the results. Communicate our results, to think of a solution to suggest to people with the capability of implementing this solution.
  5. Inter-disciplinary Research: Geography, Science and I&E.

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