Annex B - Research Justification


By: Loo Zhong Han (19), Jonah Patrick Tan (16), Aloysius Seah (22)
Research Topic: Environment
Chosen area of focus: Air pollution in Singapore in the 21st Century.

NOTE: Area of focus has been updated to: Air quality in locations around SST as of 2013

1. Framing our research topic:
Our chosen area of focus is “Air Pollution in Singapore in the 21st Century.” We have chosen this topic because this is a problem that is everywhere, in the very air that we breathe. The air pollution over Asia is particularly bad, and Singapore is not spared. This happens for a variety of reasons, such as our refineries, contributing up to 51%, our power stations contributing 27%, and other industries, vehicles, and shipping causing the last 22%. This issue has been around for a long time. If we do not bring this matter to their attention, the world will suffer, due to the harmful effects of air pollution. Research showed that air pollution causes deadly effects on the human body, such as irritation to body parts, infection in respiratory systems, headaches, nausea, allergic reactions, breathing problems, chronic respiratory disease, lung cancer, heart disease, and even damage to the brain, nerve, liver, or kidney and it can even cause death. According to research done in Singapore, Sulphur Dioxide is the main pollutant in Singapore’s air. In 2007, 150 810 tonnes of emissions was recorded in Singapore. This normally comes from emission from cars, and factories. In other countries, such as Japan, South Korea, and China in particular, pollution is worse. The countries in Asia, which are caught in the flow of industrialization, are producing pollution through their industrial buildings, and agricultural problems such as over-grazing, over-farming, and excessive use of irrigation. This, however, prompted Chinese officials to combat this problem. 

a) Reasons for air pollution include over-farming, over-grazing, increasing use of irrigation, fires to clear out land, fumes produced through industrial buildings, motor vehicles, and more.
b) Solutions implemented include an Air Quality Monitoring System, implemented by Singapore. What this can do is, to make sure Singapore officials can find out causes of problems, and address them. So far, it is facing success, however it does not completely eliminate Air Pollution, as there are reports of pollutants in the air.

2. Reasons for choice of topic
a) We want to find more effective solutions to the air pollution in Singapore. 
b) This topic is vital to the welfare of the people living in the world. We do not want diseases and possibly even death to occur, so we are trying to look for a cause, solution, and appeal to the government. By doing so, we can rid of air pollution in Singapore, so that all problems, be it health (body illness), economical (money spent on monitoring the quality of the air), or political (distrust in the government).

3. Feasibility of the research
a) This project is possible, with the help of some resources such as websites, online journals of people’s opinion, books and recordings, we can find the problem, trace the cause, and make a solution. We can find information about the air, about the statistics of when the air is the most polluted and least polluted, and cross-examine with statistics found in documents, such as amount of traffic in a region in Singapore, productivity of a particular factory, and other data that can prove to be related to the amount of air pollution.
b) This project can be done. Air pollution is a major topic, and there is plenty of information and resources available, in libraries, documents, the internet, etc.

4. Manageability of the research
The timeline of our project is undefined, as no one is certain. However, we will try to do this as quickly, efficiently and carefully as possible. We will definitely need information, which can be found anywhere.

For the roles, the leader (Aloysius Seah), assigned Loo Zhong Han to Public Relations Manager, and Jonah Patrick Tan to Blog Manager.

5. Accessibility of the research
Any information on the air, its pollutants, and actions caused by others would be helpful. Information like this includes reports from environmentalists, government documents, frequency of fires in Asia, progress of Asia’s globalization over the years, anything that can help us compare to find a cause and a solution. This can be gotten through libraries, the internet, reports, interviews, and other ways to get information. We predict that
 the sources of information will be mostly Primary Sources, as we will be using articles, reports or websites written by government agencies themselves. However, we could be using books, or reports that are compilations of information from primary sources, making it a secondary source itself.


NEA. (2002) Air Pollution
                        Industrial Emission (5 August 2012)

             South-East Asia(5 August 2012)
Xia,Y. & Tong,H.(2005)Cumulative effects of air pollution on public health

                                Effects of Air Pollution(5 August 2012)

Alles, David L.(2012)Asian Air Pollution

                                          Introduction(5 August 2012)


ADB, CAI-Asia(2006) Country Synthesis Report on Urban Air Quality Management
                              Air Quality Management(13 August 2012)

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